The Barbary sheep (Ammotragus lervia) is a species of caprid (goat-antelope) native to rocky mountains in North Africa. Six subspecies have been described. Although it is rare in its native North Africa, it has been introduced to North America, southern Europe, and elsewhere. It is also known in the Berber language as awdad, waddan, arwi, and arrwis.
Barbary sheep are hardy animals perfectly adapted to thrive in arid and harsh conditions. These interesting mammals take advantage of food sources that other animals cannot reach and have been seen on the steep cliffs of the Moroccan High Atlas. They are easily identified by their thick spiraled horns, russet brown bristly coats and heavy fringes hanging from their throats. Both males and females have these distinguishing features. In the past, Barbary sheep were a common sight in North African counties, but now they are considered to be ‘vulnerable’ by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).