Barbary sheep stand 80 to 100 cm (2.6 to 3.3 ft) tall at the shoulder and weigh 40 to 140 kg (88 to 309 lb). They are sandy-brown, darkening with age, with a slightly lighter underbelly and a darker line along the back. Upper parts and the outer parts of the legs are a uniform reddish brown or grayish brown. There is some shaggy hair on the throat (extending down to the chest in males) and a sparse mane. Their horns have a triangularcross section. The horns curve outward, backward, then inward, and can exceed 40 inches in length. The horns are fairly smooth, with slight wrinkles evident at the base as the animal matures.
Their ability to speedily scale rocky crags and steep cliffs offers some protection from predators for Barbary sheep. Unfortunately, humans are their biggest threat, with hunters setting traps and using weapons against which Barbary sheep have no defenses. Desertification and loss of habitat are also problems for Barbary sheep. Fortunately, conservationists are aware of the plight of animals depending on the resources of Morocco’s national parks and Barbary sheep are among the animals being monitored by the Sahara Conservation Fund.